Guitar Harmony Chart

Note: A PDF document for the Harmony Chart in this lesson can be found here.

There is quite a lot of information given by the phrase “in the key of …”. A key describes the notes used in the melody and, importantly, the chords that you can expect to play for the harmony. The following harmony chart will hopefully help you learn this information.

Now this chart can look like a crazy bingo card at first sight. Let’s try to crack the code, shall we?

Follow the left hand side to the key you want to work with. Once there, read left to right to get the notes in that key. For example the key of “C” would use the notes: C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C. The key of “F”: F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E-F and so on.

Now when reading left to right notice some note names are uppercase and some lowercase. This describes the type of chord, major or minor, needed to keep all chord tones within the original seven note scale. It works simply like this: If the note name is uppercase, play a major chord. If lowercase, play a minor chord. The oddball of the bunch is the chord on the seventh note of the scale which is a diminished chord.

Give it a try for the key of C. The chords would be C – Dm – Em – F – G – A- Bdim – C

harmony_chart1

Learn Guitar Online - Step by Step Beginner's Guide

Keeping all the chords true to this chart won’t guarantee a great chord progression but all the chords will sound like they “fit” because every note of each chord is drawn from the original scale. We call this “diatonic”.

Roman numerals are used in music theory to name progressions and chord qualities. Uppercase again means major. Lowercase means minor. So a I-vi-IV-V progression in C would mean to play the chords built off the 1st-6th-4th and 5th notes of the key. Staying diatonic this would be: C-Am-F-G. The same progression in G would mean to play G-Em-C-D. Moving a progression from one key to another is called “transposing” and is an extremely useful function of this chart.

This chart also shows minor key progressions. Each major key has a “relative” minor key that starts on the major key’s 6th note. Because these relative keys share the same notes, they also share the same chords.

A final point about the chart numbering past the octave to ’13’. This can be useful when used as a reference in chord construction. That’s for another lesson!

If you have questions on how to use this chart please write me in the comments and I will be happy to answer!

Storm

About the Author

has written 127 stories on this site.

Related Content

96 Comments on “Guitar Harmony Chart”

  • Peter Vögel wrote on 3 March, 2009, 7:55

    Doesn’t the B maj scale has to have an a# instead of a?

  • Storm wrote on 3 March, 2009, 14:25

    @Peter Vogel: Correct and corrected. Thanks!

  • phetAgreego wrote on 9 March, 2009, 23:05

    now in my rss reader)))
    ————————
    ad: http://werato.ru/

  • Storm wrote on 10 March, 2009, 6:11

    @phetAgreego: Nice! We could do without the ads though…

  • Bryan Dunn wrote on 29 April, 2009, 9:29

    Peter Vogel rocks! and so does Storm

  • Aqeel Anwar wrote on 4 June, 2009, 14:39

    wow thank you so much for this Storm, it is somewhat helping me figure which chord fits together, still a long way to go but thankfully this has pointed me in the right direction :)

  • james wrote on 18 February, 2010, 21:56

    wow my mind has been blown about “keys” for so long, its finally starting to make sense!
    AHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH thank you! haha

  • mj wrote on 16 October, 2011, 2:31

    i have a major problem with how to use chord progression in pentatonic scales and modes plus how to exchang simple major and minor chords with sus aug 7th …. chords can you help me with this plz

  • Geoffro wrote on 2 November, 2011, 23:08

    awesome chart man easy to use but whats with the quality thing?

  • Ashish wrote on 14 November, 2011, 23:03

    Is there a similar chart for chords in all Minor Scales?

    (most commonly used minor scales maybe?)

  • Henri wrote on 27 November, 2011, 4:32

    wow my mind has been blown about “keys” for so long, its finally starting to make sense!AHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH thank you! haha . ALSO

  • matthew trevitz wrote on 13 December, 2011, 8:11

    pleaase send me any info on how to play guitar for me please. my email is trevitzm@gmail.com

  • Austin wrote on 1 January, 2012, 3:49

    what is that pyramid shape?

  • Robert wrote on 17 January, 2012, 6:03

    Storm Hi
    Why is the A note not Am? 
    Give it a try for the key of C. The chords would be C – Dm – Em – F – G – A- Bdim – C

  • Robert wrote on 17 January, 2012, 6:09

    Moving a progression from one key to another is called “transposing” and is an extremely useful function of this chart.
    HOW TO TRANSPOSE SO IT STILL SOUNDS SOLID GOOD? FROM WHICH KEY TO WHICH KEY OR CAN THIS ONLY BE AN OCTAVE HIGHER OR LOWER.?

  • Storm wrote on 17 January, 2012, 12:45

    Hi Robert,
    As stated in the post, uppercase letters represent major chords and lowercase means minor chords. Use the note names as roots but play the appropriate chord type. And you are correct, the VII chord is diminished.

  • chris wrote on 6 February, 2012, 11:55

    in the chord chart are all the chords a whole step between each notes or chords?

  • chris wrote on 6 February, 2012, 12:05

    have no idea how you visit me.the question i ask that all chords are they a whole step in the h chart

  • Dave wrote on 7 February, 2012, 2:42

    What does the pyramid shape signify please ?

  • Dave wrote on 7 February, 2012, 2:43

    Also, what is the major minor formula pattern for the minor scale.  Is it Still M m m M M m D Oct ?

  • daniel wrote on 23 April, 2012, 16:48

    pls,as far as am concern, am a beginner and the chart is not clear. I will like u to make it more intersting for me. Good work, keep it up.

  • galvatron wrote on 16 May, 2012, 20:07

    at the beginning it says for C: C-Dm-Em-F-G-A-Bdim-C but according to the roman numerals harmony wouldnt it be C-Dm-Em-F-G-Am-Bmdim-C?

  • catherine wrote on 3 July, 2012, 21:57

    Hi Storm,
    my music teacher told me before that there is a reason why some chords in the major scales are played in minor instead of major and I totally forget about the reason. i really wanted to know the reason behind and hope you can help me out. Thank you.

  • Agnel wrote on 26 July, 2012, 1:48

    I need to know why the F scale is after C scale and the vertical sequence of key C,F,Bb, Eb,……A,D,G Why is so??????????

  • Famoty wrote on 23 August, 2012, 1:44

    Bb,cld it still be A#?

  • adedapomola martins wrote on 14 October, 2012, 15:09

    hi storm,pls aw can i solo wit chords.

  • Luke wrote on 23 September, 2013, 3:00

    Hi there, thanks so much for this, it clears up a lot of mystery around keys and is invaluable to me! Just a couple of questions, I believe firstly in your example directly above the chart it should read Am not A(major). Secondly, the notes here are major right? Eg if you took the most common minor pentatonic scale the second (ii) note in the scale for C would be D# (three half-steps) as opposed to D (two half-steps)..

  • Abimbola Ayodeji wrote on 24 January, 2014, 6:23

    I WANT TO SAY A BIG THANK YOU FOR THIS POST, AND ALSO SAY THAT IT’S BEEN SO INTERESTING, HAVING TO LEARN GUITAR CHORDS THIS WAY. HOWEVER, I’LL WANT TO SAY THAT I’VE GONE THROUGH THE CHORDS ON KEYS; C-D-E-F-G-A (ALL MAJORS). But to be frank; i somewhat have problems on strumming chords for the 5 minor keys. I would so much appreciate it if you could explain once again…and also to drop a mail address i could reach you on. Many thanks once again, Ayodeji

  • containing potentially wrote on 2 May, 2014, 2:09

    4 million new smartphones and tablets were activated and each craze of mobile researching e-mails is going become the next big trend out of the
    year 2013, as suggested by Flurry Analytics. Craigslist furthermore posts creating opportunities, assuming you have a favorite website,
    search them towards discover whether they accept submissions.
    This can give we plenty of feedback regarding the idea’s marketability
    and about current picking out trends.

  • scar tissue wrote on 13 May, 2014, 8:03

    What’s up, of course this article is really pleasant and I have learned
    lot of things from it concerning blogging. thanks.

  • ipad useful apps wrote on 16 May, 2014, 19:10

    Convenient Video Lessons Fit Your Time Schedule – And,
    the best part is you can replay and rewind everything I
    show you as often as you need. People are paying for more
    knowledge and education than ever before on information and coaching.
    Android supports development of all sorts of
    applications ranging from business to health to travel to entertainment and such.

  • friv juegos wrote on 22 June, 2014, 19:12

    Hola estoy encantada de visitar vuestra web me parece super buena.

    Yo soy una escolar universitaria que me encanta el desarrollo web, el croquis y sobre todo la creación de aplicaciones de juegos para móviles.

    Me gusta mucho vuestra página me parece super interesante.

    Os felicito por vuestra web, soy desde hoy una admiradora vuestra.

    Hola me ha gustado mucho tu articulo
    Es impresionante, buena información la que he encontrado.
    Muchos besitos.
    Por fin alguno que me lo ha explicado para que yo lo puede comprender.
    Estoy demasiado contenta.
    Grande, que contenta estoy, es lo mas. Muchas gracias.

  • credit reporting wrote on 23 June, 2014, 4:52

    After analyzing your credit profile you could dispute any incorrect and unverifiable data with
    your report according to the Fair and Accurate Credit Transaction Act (FACTA).

    They get most in the information from creditors, court public records for lawsuits,
    judgments, bankruptcy filings, and county court public records of recorded liens.
    * Write letters to the credit bureaus requesting that they can delete any negative information that is on your own report
    that’s more than several years (a decade for a bankruptcy).

  • supplements for joints and ligaments wrote on 23 June, 2014, 21:04

    When someone writes an post he/she keeps the idea of a user in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of it.
    Therefore that’s why this paragraph is perfect.
    Thanks!

  • scicompforge.org wrote on 3 July, 2014, 1:06

    I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one these days.

  • website designs wrote on 17 July, 2014, 4:57

    I think the admin of this web site is in fact working
    hard for his site, as here every data is quality based information.

  • Extofiles.Com wrote on 20 July, 2014, 21:38

    It’s really a cool and helpful piece of information. I’m happy that you simply shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  • deva wrote on 22 July, 2014, 2:45

    You ought to take part in a contest for one of the highest quality websites on the net.
    I’m going to recommend this web site!

  • pension corp wrote on 6 August, 2014, 14:30

    We tend to be in search of a soul soulmate. It gets taxed before it even is able
    to you. A conservator I am aware took $300,000 from
    the conservatee’s facts.

  • natural cleanse plus reviews wrote on 6 August, 2014, 14:58

    I visit every day a few web sites and websites to read articles
    or reviews, except this website offers quality based writing.

  • Lonnie wrote on 6 August, 2014, 15:26

    Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your
    weblog and wanted to mention that I have truly loved browsing your blog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing for your rss feed and I’m hoping you write once more very
    soon!

  • breast actives at walmart wrote on 6 August, 2014, 18:57

    Great beat ! I would like to apprentice even as you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a weblog web site?
    The account aided me a appropriate deal. I were tiny bit acquainted
    of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  • activate windows 7 ultimate wrote on 6 August, 2014, 19:50

    Right here is the perfect site for anybody who would like to understand
    this topic. You understand so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I
    personally would want to…HaHa). You certainly put
    a new spin on a topic that has been written about for a long time.

    Excellent stuff, just excellent!

  • Jina wrote on 6 August, 2014, 20:16

    I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This paragraph posted at this website is actually pleasant.

  • anti aging skin care wrote on 6 August, 2014, 22:43

    Fantastic blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress
    or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out
    there that I’m totally confused .. Any tips? Appreciate it!

  • http://www.Joy17.com wrote on 6 August, 2014, 23:11

    I’m really loving the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into
    any web browser compatibility issues? A number of my blog readers have complained about my blog not operating
    correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari.
    Do you have any recommendations to help fix this issue?

  • Billy wrote on 7 August, 2014, 12:12

    excellent issues altogether, you just gained a emblem new reader.
    What might you suggest in regards to your post that you just made some
    days ago? Any certain?

  • drag racing Hack wrote on 8 August, 2014, 0:33

    With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My blog has a lot of exclusive
    content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it
    seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my authorization. Do
    you know any methods to help protect against content from
    being stolen? I’d definitely appreciate it.

  • gold ira account wrote on 10 August, 2014, 6:06

    I am regular reader, how aare you everybody?
    Thiss piece of writing posted at this web page is in fact fastidious.

  • desain rumah ajaib wrote on 15 August, 2014, 3:27

    Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored at work so I decided
    to check out your blog on my iphone during
    lunch break. I love the knowledge you present here and
    can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how quick your
    blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyhow, wonderful blog!

  • website wrote on 16 August, 2014, 6:36

    Why visitors still make use of to read news papers
    when in this technological world the whole thing is available on web?

  • dentist tempe az 85383 wrote on 16 August, 2014, 8:04

    fantastic publish, very informative. I ponder why the opposite experts
    of this sector don’t notice this. You must proceed your writing.
    I’m sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  • Jannie wrote on 17 August, 2014, 23:22

    Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?

    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no data backup.
    Do you have any solutions to prevent hackers?

  • body Mass index wrote on 18 August, 2014, 2:01

    Hello very cool blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb ..
    I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?
    I am glad to search out a lot of helpful information here within the
    post, we’d like work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  • subway surfers para pc wrote on 19 August, 2014, 0:10

    Good day! Would you mind if I share your blog with
    my twitter group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Thanks

  • hungry shark evolution wrote on 20 August, 2014, 1:32

    The local sheriff begins to investigate what might be murder,
    but when a full-grown whale carcass surfaces, the true terror begins.
    Mia Farrow as Rosemary Woodhouse in Rosemary’s
    Baby. Personal reason: A reference to happier times shared
    by Rick and Ilsa, perfectly times, perfect delivered.

  • cartier love bracelet pink gol wrote on 20 August, 2014, 4:30

    I think the admin of this web site is truly working hard in support of his web page, because here every material is quality based data.

  • pawn shops open on sunday in springfield mo wrote on 21 August, 2014, 5:52

    I do not even know how I finished up here, but I thought this submit was
    good. I don’t recognize who you might be but definitely you are
    going to a famous blogger in the event you are not already.
    Cheers!

  • Jonah wrote on 25 August, 2014, 5:10

    Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you, However I
    am going through problems with your RSS. I don’t understand why I am unable to subscribe to it.
    Is there anyone else getting the same RSS problems?
    Anyone that knows the solution will you kindly respond?
    Thanx!!

  • Leon wrote on 28 August, 2014, 21:49

    Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and
    in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  • Bribie Island Wedding Photographer wrote on 28 August, 2014, 23:45

    Your ability to embody your genuine self might be
    the single greatest factor in generating high levels of audience participation. You can enjoy a day of swimming or perhaps try your hand at surfing.
    Some speakers have everyone in the room stand and meet one new person and exchange information such as why they are here today, what
    they hope to get out of the session, one unusual hobby
    they have, and so on so that participants have a better chance of remembering one another.

  • water extractor wrote on 4 September, 2014, 1:09

    Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

  • pinoy movie wrote on 4 September, 2014, 3:13

    hey there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked up something new from right here.
    I did however expertise some technical points using this site, since I experienced to reload the site many times previous
    to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if
    your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your
    placement in google and could damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective interesting content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  • Go To My Website For More Info wrote on 4 September, 2014, 9:07

    Hi this is kinda of off topic but I was wondering
    if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have tto manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I
    wanted to get guidace from someon with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  • best muscle building stack wrote on 5 September, 2014, 6:58

    When some one searches for his required thing, therefore he/she wants to be available that in detail, so that thing is maintained
    over here.

  • custom portraits lotro commands wrote on 5 September, 2014, 10:53

    I have learn some excellent stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting.
    I wonder how much attempt you set to make this kind of great informative
    web site.

  • Athletic Greens green superfood powder wrote on 6 September, 2014, 10:41

    It’s remarkable in support of me to have a website, which is valuable for my know-how.
    thanks admin

  • divorce attorney mn wrote on 6 September, 2014, 20:23

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugiins to safeguard against hackers?

    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

  • cosmetic dental work Warren MI wrote on 6 September, 2014, 23:04

    From whitening teeth to having a full set of porcelain veneers, there are plenty of places to choose from
    in the UK. Therefore, finding one which is within the proximity of
    your home should be taken into consideration. You may have to go via the regular
    appointments only and even then you may not
    be noticed if you are not on the priority list as far as the dental issue is concerned.

  • bryce canyon map wrote on 8 September, 2014, 0:14

    While the simple and classic whisk is great for many tasks in the kitchen, there are some
    times and some recipes that require more speed and dexterity
    with the mixing, and that’s where these valuable devices come in. Restaurant equipment and supply stores are a
    great resource for inexperienced restaurant owners,
    week-end chefs, or people who just want to prepare a recipe that they have seen done by a celebrity
    chef on one of the ever popular cooking shows. You
    can either make your own base or use a ready-made base, and then add
    whatever ingredients and toppings that you want.

  • glock back plate cover wrote on 8 September, 2014, 11:11

    I do consider all of the ideas you’ve offered in your post.

    They aare very conviincing andd can definitely work.
    Still, the posts are too quck for novices. May just you please prolong them a bbit from next time?
    Thank you ffor the post.

  • metal stair balusters suppliers wrote on 8 September, 2014, 14:03

    (1) Remodeling can be a great way to transform a home from functional to a showcase of personality and lifestyle.
    Replacing a front door is not an expensive undertaking, so do so if it
    needs it. Smaller scale leasehold improvements, or remodeling of an existing restaurant will keep the
    cost on the lower end.

  • Von wrote on 8 September, 2014, 16:37

    I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog
    and was curious what all is needed to get setup?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% sure.
    Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Kudos

  • best coffee machine 2014 wrote on 8 September, 2014, 20:08

    Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this web site regularly, this web page is truly nice
    and the users are genuinely sharing pleasant thoughts.

  • same project wrote on 10 September, 2014, 7:46

    When I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me wen new comments aare added- checkbox and from now
    on whenever a comment is added I recieve 4 emails with thee same comment.
    Perhaps there is a means youu can remove me from that
    service? Kudos!

  • Friv 100 wrote on 10 September, 2014, 14:48

    Quality articles or reviews is the crucial to invite
    the visitors to pay a visit the website, that’s what this web page is providing.

  • laser hair loss clinic wrote on 10 September, 2014, 18:24

    The procedure itself is much easier on you, as all you need to
    do is sit and let you healthcare provider work their magic.

    safely, cost-effectively and most of all conveniently.
    The doctors that I were going to seemed to
    just give me anything even if they knew it would not work.

  • Estate Planning attorney Anoka mn wrote on 12 September, 2014, 6:41

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts about guitar.
    Regards

  • Anoka county child support modifications wrote on 15 September, 2014, 19:54

    My brother suvgested I would possibly like this web site. He wass totally right.
    This submi actually made my day. You cann’t consider simply how a lot time I had spent
    for this information! Thanks!

  • best knife set for your money wrote on 16 September, 2014, 2:03

    All youu need to do now is set the table, thhen relax and wait for
    your guests to arrive. Instead manufacturers will use stainless steel as thir medium to take
    to the forge. To avoid being fooled by a reworked
    knife, it’s important to understand that no old-time commercial knife
    factory ever used rag buffing wheels.

  • midd.info wrote on 16 September, 2014, 17:56

    It’s important to instruct individuals of their tasks and most
    disallowed parts. There is nothing worse than seeking protection in the rain in a tent, and then find it can be seeping.

  • advanced computer solutions wrote on 16 September, 2014, 20:54

    Paragraph writing is also a fun, if you be familiar with
    after that you can write if not it is complicated to write.

  • how to install glock slide plate wrote on 20 September, 2014, 10:27

    Hi there tto all, how is all, I tthink every one is getting more from thius web page, and your
    views aree pleasant designed for new users.

  • twitter.com wrote on 20 September, 2014, 11:45

    If your rental is for several hours or the whole day, consider when your chauffeur will have a break or a meal.
    Your expectations will exceed through this service. If you want to be
    sure that everything will be of a particular standard you
    will need to be prepared to pay more.

  • ummahglobalrelief.com wrote on 20 September, 2014, 12:54

    I do agree with all the ideas you have presented for your
    post. They’re very convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are
    very short for novices. May just you please
    lengthen them a bit from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  • http://goldirarolloverco.blogspot.com wrote on 20 September, 2014, 13:01

    Highly descriptive blog, I enjoyed that a lot. Will there be a
    part 2?

  • Merry wrote on 20 September, 2014, 13:21

    net> wrote:Dear Remy Landau,I had sent the previous communication to you by mistake (or was it.
    ” I can’t exactly classify him as a hero, but he certainly had something to say I can safely bet I’ll never hear from another “Christian,” even if given a thousand years to wait. One of the best ways to do this is by using reinsertion techniques to remind him of the great times you once shared together.

  • weight loss menu sample wrote on 20 September, 2014, 13:54

    Thanks for the marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed readingg
    it, you may be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog
    annd will eventually coje back latter on. I want to encourage yourself to
    continue your great job, have a nice day!

  • clash of clans hack no survey no jailbreak wrote on 20 September, 2014, 18:47

    Foor newest ?nformation yo? have too pay a visit world-wide-web and on the web I foun this website as a finest siote for hottest updates.

  • ???? wrote on 21 September, 2014, 1:40

    It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and
    it is time to be happy. I have learn this put up and if I may I wish to
    recommend you some fascinating issues or tips. Maybe you could write subsequent articles relating to this article.
    I desire to learn more issues about it!

  • Fund Advisers Dubai wrote on 21 September, 2014, 2:46

    Remarkable! Its truly amazing post, I have got much clear idea on the
    topic of from this post.

Trackbacks

  1. Major Scale Chords - Guitar Keys of C,A,G,E,D | Guitar Teacher Online
  2. Guitar Reference Material - Capo Transposition Chart | Guitar Teacher Online
  3. gun violence
  4. helpful hints
  5. celeb divorces

Write a Comment

Gravatars are small images that can show your personality. You can get your gravatar for free today!

Copyright © 2014 Guitar Teacher. All rights reserved.